This chapter establishes the context of the study from a philosophical and methodological perspective. The chapter consist of two sections. First section justifies use of a qualitative approach followed by discussion of various research paradigms used in health and social care research. The next section explores ontological, epistemological, methodological and ethical concepts related to the.
The notion of objectivity is ambiguous. A distinction is made between three primary notions of objectivity: ontological objectivity, the objectivity of truth and epistemic objectivity.It is suggested that a realist may explain the relationship between the three notions by saying that use of epistemically objective methods stands the best chance of leading to the objective truth about the.
The concepts of objectivity, truth, and the authority of empirical standards have come under serious challenge by some critics of the social sciences in the past several decades. Feminist critics charge that the concepts and methods of the social sciences reflect an essential patriarchalism that discredits the objectivity of social science knowledge. (1) Marxist critics sometimes contend that.
An empirical science of concrete reality is a way of understanding the phenomenon in the world in a cultural context. According to Weber, ideas about universal laws must be based on, and related to, values of particular people and society. In other words, there can be no complete objectivity. Rather, valuation of the world is always qualified.
The functional role of truth is characterized by a range of principles that articulate such features of truth as its objectivity, its role in inquiry, and related ideas we have encountered in considering various theories of truth. (A related point about platitudes governing the concept of truth is made by Wright (1992).) But according to Lynch, these display the functional role of truth.
Furthermore, if we permit ourselves to disregard for a moment the stranglehold that Putnam's view of objectivity has imposed on this discussion, we might note that even if V were objective in some realistic or naturalistic way, nothing about its objectivity (that is, its being valuable) requires that it be regarded impersonally--that is, interchangeability with other Vs is not required. Indeed.
Morality is robustly grounded in facts. There is however, a clear path to a universal and powerful moral objectivity, the view that morality (or most of it, anyway) is just as objectively true as.
The two conceptions of objectivity engage different social aspects of science: pervasive socio-political values, vs. interactions within the scientific community mediated by epistemic norms. In this respect, Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison’s historical account of objectivity ( Daston and Galison, 1992, Daston and Galison, 2007 ) more closely resembles Fleck’s.
The Edge of Objectivity, An Essay in the History of Scientific Ideas (Princeton. Probabilism and Fallibilism vs. Absolute Truth and Certitude. 5. Secular Democratic Individualism; Humanistic Pluralism. II. Four Crucial Issues: 1. Education. 2. Work. 3. Nature of Religion (Christianity) 4. Man: Total product of nature. III. Ten Crucial Themes: 1. The conservation of energy. 2. The kinetic.
Postmodernism, in contemporary Western philosophy, a late 20th-century movement characterized by broad skepticism, subjectivism, or relativism; a general suspicion of reason; and an acute sensitivity to the role of ideology in asserting and maintaining political and economic power.
An examination of the tensions between different conceptions of objectivity and subjectivity, and impartiality and partiality, as they arise in epistemology, ethical theory, and metaethics. Resources from classical Chinese philosophy are leveraged throughout the work to showcase new alternative ways of resolving these tensions. Classical Confucianism, Misc in Asian Philosophy. Classical Daoism.